Angkor vat Chronological History Angkor wat
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PERIOD PRE Angkorian
150 after Jesus-Chris : Foundation of Funan, a rich and powerful state, located south of present-day Cambodia and the Mekong Delta. He will undergo the Indian infuence and extend its dominion over vassal states until the sixth century. Construction of the Colosseum of Rome (first century AD)
550 The Funan gives prominence to a former vassal, The Chen-la Chinese name that will remain to designate Cambodia until the thirteenth century. Construction of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople (532-537)
657-681 Reign of Jayavarman I
PERIOD Angkorian
802-650 Reign of Jayavarman II, who founded the Khmer kingdom
877-889 Reign of Indravarman Ier, The capital develops Roluos, fifteen kilometers from Angkor
889-910 Reign of Yasovarman Ier, who founded a new capital, Yasodharapura, Angkor future. Construction of Phnom Bakheng and Eastern Baray.
941-944 Conquest of Champa by the Khmer
968-1001 Reign of Jayavarman V, Construction of Phimeanakas, Ta Keo and Banteay Srei.
1050-1066 Reign of Udayadityavarman II, Construction: Baphuon Mebon and Western Baray.
Reign of Suryavarman II, The King, one of the greatest Angkor, built Angkor Wat, which marks the pinnacle of classical Khmer art.
On the death of this conqueror, the Empire extends from Laos to the Gulf of Siam and from Birman kingdom to Champa.
Invasion of Chams. They seized and sacked Angkor

Reign of Jayavarman VII  After chasing the invaders and annexed the Champa, he create a new capital city at Angkor Thom, "the great Angkor".
Constructions: Ta Prohm, Banteay Kdei, Bayon, Neak Pean, Srah Srang, Angkor Thom, Royal Plaza, Preah Khan, Ta Som.
Début XIVe
Succession of minor kingdoms. Decline of the Khmer Empire
1352 Taken Angkor by the Siamese, who plunder twice before leaving year 1431
XVIIe siècle
Conquest of the Mekong Delta by the Annamese (Vietnamese), directed by Nguyen Hue. The strife of the royal family Khmer offer two powerful neighbors, Siam (Thailand) and Annam (Vietnam), multiple opportunities to intervene.
Building of the Versailles castle (XVII Century)
1794 Siam's sovereignty over Battambang
1841 Annexation of Cambodia by the Annamese.
1847-1860 Reign of Ang Duong who, aided by the Siamese, took the capital, which is then Oudong
1860 King Norodom I, son of Ang Duong, signed a treaty placing Cambodia under the protection of France. It recognizes the sovereignty of Siam on all of western countries, including Battambang and Siem Reap
1866 Norodom moved the capital Phnom Penh. Start of construction of the present royal Palai.
1887 Creation of the Indochinese Union, which establishes a true direct administration of the French protectorate.
1905 Creation of the archaeological museum in Phnom Penh, a result of work initiated by the French School of extrêtme East.
1907 Siam restores three provinces in Cambodia, Battambang, Siem Reap and Sisophon Siem Reap (with Angkor).
1908 Jean Commaille (1868-1916) was appointed the first conservator of Angkor
1916 Henri Marchal (1876-1970) was appointed conservator of Angkor
1931 Scale reconstruction of the temple of Angkor Wat to the Paris International Exhibition.
1941 The representative of the Vichy regime established Norodom Sihanouk on the throne, aged eighteen.

King Sihanouk led the crusade for independence. It was proclaimed on November 9, she will be confirmed by the Geneva Accords in 1954.

1949 Signature of a Franco-Cambodian making Cambodia an independent state associated with the French Union. The Trate states that Cambodia does not waive its rights Conchincine (province of Cambodia, annexed by the Vietnamese, South Vietnam at present).
1966 Right, victorious in parliamentary elections, formed a government led by General Lon Nol, Sihanouk hostile.
1968 The communist party Khmer (Khmer Rouge) undertakes the struggle armée.Lon Nol, Sihanouk hostile.
Bombing of the East by American B-52.
Use of defoliants

U.S. Army
1970 General Lon Nol seized power during a trip to France and Sihanouk appealed to the United States.
The king fled to Beijing and The Cambodia becomes a battlefield to the gates of vietnamese.
In the maquis, the Khmer Rouge became, without anyone noticing, the first fighting force.
The Khmer Rouge enter Phnom Penh, applauded by the population. Forty-eight hours later, they empty the capital of all its inhabitants and send them to forced labor in rice fields.
This is the beginning of four years of murderous madness. The Government of the Khmer Rouge imposed a totalitarian regime, backed by China, to eliminate the Khmer educated and symbols in the western world.
The Pol Pot regime turns the country was renamed Democratic Kampuchea, a huge concentration camp. Nearly two million cambodiens (one in four people) will die a violent death, illness or malnutrition.
   History : Pol Pot, and the atrocious Khmer Rouge regime
Invasion by Vietnam, Hanoi launched a hundred thousand soldiers on Cambodia. The hereditary enemies of the Khmer, install a regime in Phnom Penh in their pay, the Cambodian People's Party (CPP) as having responsibility Mr Heng Samrin, Chea Sim and Mr Mr Hun Sen. Boycotted by the international community. Cambodia is virtually cut off from the world until 1989.
1982 King Norodom Sihanouk became head of a front anti-Vietnamese Khmer Rouge include
1991 Cambodia is under the UN supervision.
10/1991 Signing of the Paris Peace 10-23-1991 between the 18 countries most affected by the problem of Cambodia.
« Agreement concerning the Sovereignty, Independence, Territorial Integrity and Inviolability, Neutrality and National Unity of Cambodia »
Member of Conference of Peace in PARIS on CAMBODIA
(in french)
       CONFERENCE (Discussion) CONFERENCE (Signature)
Peace Agreements in PARIS 1991 on CAMBODIA
(in french)
Agreement relating to the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and inviolability, neutrality and national unity of Cambodia (in french)

For more information   about Paris Agreements on Cambodia 1991.


First democratic elections, won by the royalist party, represented by Norodom Ranariddh, the son of King Norodom Sihanouk. Under the threat of civil war Cambodian People's Party (CPP) led by Mr Hun Sen (ally of the Vietnamese), a government is formed coalotion.
Mr Norodom Ranariddh and Mr. Hun Sen formed a government headed. Both became Prime Ministers and ministerial post each is doubled to appeal to two trends: Norodom Ranariddh of FUNCINPEC and the CPP of Mr. Hun Sen. Sihanouk was appointed constitutional monarch of Cambodia.
Government: Constitutional monarchy. The king reigns but does not govern.
Murderer coup d'Etat of Party planned by the People's Revolutionary Party of Kampuchea (CPP) led by Mr Hun Sen, supported by the Socialist Republic of Vienam.
Mr Hun Sen is comdamné by the international community.
Prince Ranariddh was ousted first Prime Minister of the People's Revolutionary Party of Kampuchea (PPC).
The Thailand and Vietnam sign agreement to annex the territory of Cambodia and its maritime islands Wai Paulo, Paulo Panjang and Koh Tral, thus violating the Paris Peace Agreements of 1991.

Fall of the last Khmer Rouge stronghold at Anlong Veng. The rally of thousands of veterans and policy frameworks in Phnom Penh regime confirms the disintegration of the movement.

Disintegration the Khmer Rouge movement.

On 15 April 1998, Th former chief historical Pol Pot (Khmer Rouge leader condemned by the international community for crimes against humanity) has died . The death of Pol Pot     Biography of Pol Pot - The post-genocide in Cambodia

Historic agreement between the UN and Phnom Penh on a tribunal to try surviving Khmer Rouge leaders, which could open in 2005.
Abdication of King Norodom Sihanouk.
14/10/2004 Accession of King Norodom Sihamoni (a son of King Norodom Sihanouk), the Council unanimously throne.
 Mr Prime Minister Hun Sen concludes in Hanoi the Treaty "Treaty additive" between the Socialist Republic Vienam and Popular Republic of Kampuchea in 1985, bowing part of Cambodian land and sea to the Socialist Republic of Viêtnan, thus violating the agreements peace of Paris of 1991.
Thai military aggression of the "yellow shirts" on the temple of cambogien "Preah Vihear" in response to the inclusion of the Khmer temple of PreahVihear on the World Heritage List of UNESCO decided July 7, 2008 in Quebec, thus violating the judgment without appeal of the International Court of Justice in The Hague, 1962 Preah Vihear and the Paris Peace agreements of 1991.
The first trial in history against a former Khmer Rouge leaders began in Phnom Penh. Thirty years after the fact,,

On 26/07/2010 the former Khmer Rouge commander Kaing Guek Eav, also known as "Duch", the former head of the S-21 prison in Phnom Penh was sentenced to 30 years in prison for war crimes, crimes against humanity by the mixed tribunal to try the crimes of the Khmer Rouge, sponsored by the United Nations..
Many former members of the scheme hold important positions in the administration of the country. Analysts believe they might want to hinder the investigation and court activities.

Mr Kaing Guek Eav, said Duch, former director of the detention center S21 in Phnom Penh, was sentenced on appeal to the decision for life for crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions, homicide and torture.




Royal Palace, Phnom penh

Koh Lanta 2012 in Cambodia, Revenge of the hero

The french touch, cigarette cost of France

The monks are also new technology

  Location emblematic of Phnom Penh, Cambodia 2012

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